بررسی نقش و جایگاه علم در احیای تمدن اسلامی از منظر نهج البلاغه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

کارشناسی ارشد روان شناسی بالینی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد بوشهر، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: هدف از انجام این مقاله بررسی نقش و جایگاه علم در احیای تمدن اسلامی از منظر نهج البلاغه بود.
روش کار: پژوهش حاضر با استفاده از منابع کتابخانه ای و به روش توصیفی و تحلیلی به نگارش در آمده است.
نتایج: نتایج نشان می دهد که علم از مسائلی است که بشر به اقتضای حکمت خداوندی و برحسب فطرت حقیقت جو و کمال طلب خویش، همواره به آن توجه داشته است و دین هدایتگر حیات مادی و معنوی انسان است که به آدمی عزت و شرافت می بخشد و زیباترین جلوه ی رحمانیت حق برای هدایت نوع بشر می باشد. در این میان، عالمان دین که متولیان اصلی امور دینی در جوامع هستند، نقش بسیار موثری در تعالی دین و هدایت افراد جامعه دارند، چرا که آنان مروجان فرهنگ دینی هستند و افراد جامعه آنان را به عنوان الگوی عملی خود در رفتار فردی و اجتماعی قرار می دهند. از این رو، در این پژوهش تلاش شده است با مطالعه ی کتاب شریف نهج البلاغه، یه این سوال محوری پاسخ داده شود که: علم در سخنان امام علی (ع) از چه جایگاهی برخوردار است؟ بر اساس یافته های این پژوهش بحث علم در نهج البلاغه از جایگاهی ارزشی برخوردار می باشد و گزاره ها و مفاهیم نهج البلاغه به روشنی جایگاه علم و عالم در نهج البلاغه را تصریح می کند.
 نتیجه گیری: نتیجه گیری کلی پژوهش نشان داد که با بکارگیری آموزه های نهج البلاغه می توان به احیای تمدن اسلامی کمک فراوانی نمود.
واژگان کلیدی: علم، احیای تمدن اسلامی، نهج البلاغه.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the role and place of science in the revival of Islamic civilization from the perspective of Nahj al-Balagha

نویسندگان [English]

Mahbobeh Moji: MA in Psychology, Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran.

چکیده [English]

Detailed Abstract

Introduction: The purpose of this article is to examine the role and place of science in the revival of Islamic civilization from the perspective of Nahj al-Balagha.

Materials and methods: The present research has been written using library sources and descriptive and analytical method.

Results: The results show that science is one of the issues that human beings have always paid attention to due to the wisdom of God and according to their truth-seeking and perfectionist nature, and religion guides the material and spiritual life of man, which gives dignity and honor to man. And the most beautiful manifestation of mercy is the right to guide mankind. In the meantime, religious scholars who are the main custodians of religious affairs in societies play a very effective role in promoting religion and guiding people in society, because they are promoters of religious culture and people in society consider them as practical models in their personal and social behavior. they give. Therefore, in this research, an attempt has been made to answer this central question by studying the noble book of Nahj al-Balagheh: What is the position of science in the words of Imam Ali (AS)? Based on the findings of this research, the discussion of science in Nahj al-Balagha has a valuable position, and the propositions and concepts of Nahj al-Balagha clearly specify the place of science and knowledge in Nahj al-Balagha. Islam considers science to be the basis of all values and ignorance to be the root of all individual and social corruption, and man needs knowledge in every movement and asks him that his beliefs, morals and actions have a scientific basis, the truth of science is a light in the light of which, man of the world He sees it as it is and finds his place in existence. The light of science has levels, the highest of which not only acquaints man with the path of his evolution, but also moves him along this path and brings him to the highest destination of humanity. Imam Ali (a.s.) says about this light and its most important characteristic, which is to bring man to the highest goal of humanity: "He has kept his mind alive and killed his soul until the point where his coarseness is reduced and his violence is softened and a bright light has started to shine for him. Let the highway of monotheism light up and walk in its light. Like this, one after another, the doors lead him to the threshold of absolute health and eternal residence, and he finds stability in the position of security and comfort, because he used his heart and pleased his Lord. Islam's emphasis on science can be found abundantly in other hadiths of Ahl al-Bayt (PBUH) and what is certain is that if the implementation of these hadiths is put on the agenda, a lot of scientific progress will be achieved, and this progress will also have an impact on the improvement of society's problems. In the discussion of the research proposals, it should be stated that if considering the topic and text of Imam Ali's precious speech in the Nahj al-Balagheh book and taking into account the speech and educational background of the students, some of the contents of the Nahjl-Balagheh can be included in the textbooks. Certainly, this important matter can have positive and constructive effects on the religious growth and proper upbringing of students from the very beginning of entering the school. Also, before the beginning of the academic year, courses and workshops related to the religious and moral teachings of the Nahj al-Balagheh book should be organized for the cultural colleagues, so that the colleagues have a regular schedule for their students from the very beginning of the training. In discussing the importance and necessity of research, it should be stated that Nahj al-Balagha is one of the important works of Shiites, which contains useful content in various fields. It includes sermons, orders, letters, etc. from Imam Ali (AS). It also contains many contents about knowledge (Dashti, 2015). Looking at the teachings of Islam, we realize that the religion of Islam pays special attention to learning and has called people to education and learning. In various places of Nahj al-Balagha, Imam Ali (A.S.) emphasizes the acquisition of science and knowledge and has described learning useful and useful sciences as a prelude to action and being on the path of growth and perfection (Harrani, 1404 AH). Amir al-Mozhmanin (A.S.) emphasizes the learning of knowledge whose study and its results are beneficial for the individual and the society, and the learning of that knowledge is also accompanied by action, otherwise knowledge without action and action without knowledge are not only beneficial for humans. It does not exist, but it is nothing but damage and loss (Sultani, 2018). In fact, having knowledge creates responsibility, and if one does not act on knowledge, it causes a person to distance himself from God and makes him subject to punishment and veiling (Kilini, 1407 AH). In this regard, the main question of the research is raised as follows: what is the role and place of science in the revival of Islamic civilization from the perspective of Nahj al-Balagha?

Conclusion: The general conclusion of the research showed that by applying the teachings of Nahj al-Balagha, it is possible to greatly contribute to the revival of Islamic civilization.


کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

Keywords: science, revival of Islamic civilization, Nahj al-Balagha.

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