پیش بینی اشتیاق تحصیلی بر اساس فرهنگ مدرسه در بین دانش آموزان پایه ششم ابتدایی شهر کاکی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد برنامه ریزی درسی، واحد بوشهر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بوشهر، ایران

2 دکتری گروه مدیریت آموزشی، دانشگاه فرهنگیان، بوشهر، ایران

3 کارشناسی گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه پیام نور، بوشهر، ایران

چکیده

هدف: پژوهش حاضر با هدف پیش بینی اشتیاق تحصیلی بر اساس فرهنگ مدرسه در بین دانش آموزان پایه ششم ابتدایی شهر کاکی انجام شده است در سال تحصیلی 1399-1398 انجام شده است. روش‌کار: نوع این تحقیق از لحاظ هدف، کاربردی و از نظر نحوه جمع آوری داده ها، توصیفی– همبستگی بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش حاضر را 371 نفر از دانش آموزان پایه ششم ابتدایی شهر کاکی تشکیل دادند. حجم نمونه این پژوهش شامل 189 نفر بود که از طریق نمونه گیری تصادفی خوشه ای بدست آمد. به منظور جمع آوری اطلاعات از پرسشنامه های اشتیاق تحصیلی وانگ و همکاران (2011) و فرهنگ مدرسه الساندر و ساد (۱۹۸۸) استفاده شد. نتایج: نتایج حاصل از یافته ها نشان داد که فرهنگ مدرسه قادر به پیش بینی هر یک از مولفه های اشتیاق تحصیلی یعنی رفتاری، هیجانی و شناختی در بین دانش آموزان پایه ششم ابتدایی شهر کاکی می باشد. نتیجه‌گیری: نتیجه گیری کلی پژوهش نشان داد که با تقویت فرهنگ مدرسه در بین دانش آموزان می توان به بهبود اشتیاق تحصیلی دانش آموزان در مدارس کمک فراوانی نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Prediction of academic enthusiasm based on school culture among sixth grade elementary school students in Kaki city

نویسندگان [English]

Fatemeh Heydari Vahed: MA of Curriculum Planning, Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran.

 Seyyed Mohsen Mohammadi *: Ph.D. Department of Educational Management, Farhangian University, Bushehr, Iran.

 Zaeri  zivar: Bachelor of Education Department, Payam Noor University, Bushehr, Iran.

چکیده [English]

Detailed Abstract

Introduction: The present study was conducted with the aim of predicting academic enthusiasm based on school culture among the sixth grade students of Kaki city in the academic year of 2018-2019.

Materials and methods: The type of this research was applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-correlational in terms of data collection. The statistical population of the present study was made up of 371 sixth grade students of Kaki city. The sample size of this research included 189 people, which was obtained through random cluster sampling. In order to collect information, Wang et al.'s (2011) academic enthusiasm questionnaires, Alexander and Sade's (1988) school culture questionnaires were used.

Results and discussion: The present study sought to predict academic enthusiasm based on school culture among sixth grade elementary school students in Kaki city. The results of the findings showed that the school culture is able to predict each of the components of academic enthusiasm, i.e. behavioral, emotional and cognitive among sixth grade students of Kaki city.

The results of the researches of Shaykh al-Islami (2017), Javadi Elmi (2017), Jalilian (2017), Nasiri (2016), Jafari Nadushan (2015), Zahidbablan (2013), Ghorbani (2013), Aschenk (2017), Moi (2016), Shoshani (2016), Yura (2015), Kadima (2015), Gunge (2015) and Gadis (2013) is aligned. Examining and explaining the above hypothesis showed that academic enthusiasm is closely related to the school culture of students. Academic enthusiasm is considered to be an intrapersonal state of mind that engages a person in school activities. Also, research on enthusiasm for school started when teachers and educators were worried about students dropping out, weak motivation, and students' lack of involvement in school activities. Recently, there has been great interest in studying enthusiasm for school and its relationship with students' feelings about their surroundings. In fact, the educational environment makes learners move towards valuable educational goals and participate more in academic activities and enjoy high academic performance and well-being. Academic enthusiasm is essential in education studies and is a durable state within the individual that causes engagement and well-being in school activities. On the other hand, in recent years, a lot of attention has been paid to the phenomenon of passion for education, because this issue is placed in the field of positive psychology, which focuses on the description and development of humans, and it should be noted that passion in any field causes the growth and excellence of people. Learning is the most basic process, as a result of which a disabled being is transformed during his interactions and his cognitive abilities increase. Similarly, it should be considered that the growth of any society owes to the education of that society. In fact, one of the effective factors in the tendency of people to study and learn is the motivation to progress, which originates from the motivation of academic enthusiasm. Students who have academic passion, pay more attention and focus in their work, and as a result, they will have better academic performance and avoid incompatible behaviors. Another important concept related to enthusiasm for school, which can have an effective role on the academic life of elementary school students, is school culture. School culture includes the attitudes, views, and beliefs of school members (both teachers and students) in different fields. It can be said that the culture of the military school consists of values, symbols, rituals, ceremonies, customs, norms and beliefs of common meanings. Schools have their own unique culture, which is formed around the specific values, beliefs and feelings of that school.

On the other hand, the culture of a school emphasizes the issue of what is the most important goal for the development of knowledge in that school and which direction should the main efforts of different components of the school be. The formation of a school culture begins with the close interactions of administrators and educational leaders with teachers as the main elements of decision-making and implementation. A positive and purposeful behavior of the educational manager first affects the performance of the teachers and will affect the students in the next stage. An assistant manager should know how much each of the positive and negative interactions affects the students so that he can build his communication structure based on this information as much as possible.

Therefore, in the discussion of suggestions, social, cultural and educational situation in different levels of schools can be analyzed in order to improve academic enthusiasm. The use of all school factors to strengthen and fulfill academic, religious and moral goals in order to increase students' academic enthusiasm.

Conclusion: The general conclusion of the research showed that by strengthening the school culture among students, it is possible to improve the academic enthusiasm of students in schools.

Keywords: academic enthusiasm, school culture, students.

 

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