تبیینی بر تاب آوری با استفاده از آموزه های امام سجاد (ع)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی دبیری زبان انگلیسی

2 دکتری فلسفه تعلیم و تربیت. مدرس دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)

چکیده

هدف: پژوهش حاضر با هدف تبیینی بر تاب آوری با استفاده از آموزه های امام سجاد (ع) انجام شده است. تاب آوری مقوله ای است که به عنوان قدرتی ذهنی یا احساسی مطرح شده است که به انسان توان مقابله با بحران ها را می دهد و انسان را قادر می سازد سریع به وضعیت پیش از بحران باز گردد. تفاوت هایی میان تاب آوری و مفهوم قرآنی صبر و حلم در سنت اسلامی وجود دارد. به نظر می رسد این مفاهیم در مولفه های درونی و عوامل ایجاد کننده، اشتراکات زیادی داشته باشند. روش کار: این پژوهش در زمره پژوهش های کتابخانه ای است که با استفاده از روش توصیفی- تحلیلی انجام شده است. حوزه پژوهش شامل متون مرتبط با آموزه های امام سجاد (ع) با استفاده از رویکرد هدفمند بود. ابزار گردآوری اطلاعات شامل فیش برداری مرتبط با مفهوم تاب آوری در آموزه های امام سجاد (ع) بود. یافته ها: بر اساس نتایج این تحقیق عوامل ایجاد کننده تاب آوری شامل تلقین مثبت، حفظ آمادگی، حفظ روابط خوب با خانواده، قابل تحمل دیدن مشکلات و بحران ها، پذیرش شرایط غیر قابل تغییر، داشتن اهداف واقع بینانه و حرکت به سمت آن ها و اعتماد به نفس، که همگی اینها در سنت الهی و آیات و روایات دارای مفاهیم متناظر هستند و بر آنها تاکید شده است. نتیجه‌گیری: نتیجه گیری کلی پژوهش نشان داد که با تقویت تاب آوری از طریق آموزه های امام سجاد (ع) در بین متربیان می توان به بهبود تاب آوری آنان در مدارس کمک فراوانی نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

An explanation of resilience using the teachings of Imam Sajjad (AS)

نویسندگان [English]

Zahra Amini Tehrani*: Bachelor of Secretarial in English language.

 Iraj Ali Akbari: Ph.D. in philosophy of education, lecturer at Fatemeh Zahra Farhangian University, Isfahan.

 

چکیده [English]

Detailed Abstract

Introduction: The current research was conducted with the purpose of explaining resilience using the teachings of Imam Sajjad (AS). Resilience is a category that has been proposed as a mental or emotional strength that gives a person the ability to deal with crises and enables a person to quickly return to the pre-crisis situation. There are differences between resilience and the Quranic concept of patience and tolerance in the Islamic tradition. It seems that these concepts have a lot in common in their internal components and creating factors.

Materials and methods: This research is one of the library researches that was carried out using the descriptive-analytical method. The scope of the research included texts related to the teachings of Imam Sajjad (AS) using a targeted approach. The data collection tool included questionnaires related to the concept of resilience in the teachings of Imam Sajjad (AS).

Results and discussion: By studying the precious book of Sahifah Sajjadiyeh, it became clear that the factors that create resilience, which have been determined in psychological research, are clearly emphasized in religious texts. Positive indoctrination has a special place in Islamic culture with interpretations such as constantly mentioning the heart and soul. Having preparedness, foresight, and patience in the face of God's judgment and destiny are considered the characteristics of a believer in the verses of the Qur'an and the traditions of the innocent, and negligent people are condemned. In Islam, family and maintaining good relations between them and other acquaintances, which is one of the important factors of resilience, is considered very important, and the resulting peace has been repeated many times. Not exaggerating issues, problems, and sufferings with concepts such as seeking help from God and trusting in Him, having patience, and underestimating enemies in front of God's will are important concepts. Acceptance of unchangeable conditions, which is one of the factors of resilience in Islamic culture, is compatible with concepts such as contentment and submission to divine judgment. Having achievable goals and

At the same time, having self-confidence is one of the concepts that are highlighted in Islamic verses and traditions with expressions such as having self-respect and human dignity. Transcendent man and transcendent society need transcendent education. On the other hand, the development and training of resilience, relying on the strengths of people and trying to solve the world's misfortunes that always exist in the life path of every human being, strives to achieve this valuable goal. Undoubtedly, using the valuable teachings of Islam, especially the great source of the teachings of the Ahl al-Bayt (peace be upon them) and establishing this intellectual basis in human life and throughout life, is effective in realizing a perfect human being and a quality life.

It is suggested that in the education and training system, especially for the purpose of education and training of all-round human beings, attention should be paid to the cultivation of resilient people so that they have the necessary capacities in facing the problems of life. Also, the Department of Social Harms and Education Consulting Core by preparing pamphlets, holding conferences and workshops on the subject of resilience in the teachings of Imam Sajjad (AS) as a result of this research, in reducing social harms, especially suicide, addiction, poverty, desertion Education and family problems, take action. Based on the results of this research, factors that create resilience include positive instillation, maintaining preparation, maintaining good relationships with family, seeing problems and crises as bearable, accepting unchangeable conditions, having realistic goals and moving towards them. and self-confidence, all of which have corresponding meanings in the divine tradition and verses and traditions and have been emphasized on them.

Conclusion: Conclusion: The general conclusion of the research showed that by strengthening resilience through the teachings of Imam Sajjad (AS) among educators, it is possible to help improve their resilience in schools.

Keywords: endurance, teachings of Imam Sajjad (AS), patience.

References
Ansarian, Hossein 2010, Tafsir and Sharah Safiha Sajjadiyeh, Qom, Dar al-Arifan [In Persian].
Gray . Nasir al-Din Mohammad bin Mohammad (1413 AH), Ehlak Naseri, Tehran, Islamia [In Persian].
Hojjati, Mohammad Baqer. 2013. A step beyond Islamic psychology, Farhang Islamic Publishing House[In Persian].
Ibn Manzoor, Muhammad Ibn Makram (1375 A.H.), Lasan al-Arab, Beirut, Dar al-Fikr al-Latabaa and Nashr al-Tawzi [In Persian].
Johri, Ismail bin Hammad (1404 AH), Sahaha, Tajul Lagha and Sahaha Al-Arabiyya, Beirut: Dar al-Alam Lalmayin [In Persian].
Mohammadi Ray Shahri, Mohammad (1988), Mizan al-Hikma, Ch. 3, Tahaqiq fi kalamat al-Qur'an al-Karim, Tehran, Allameh Mostafavi Works Publishing Center [In Persian].
Naraghi, Mullah Mohammad Mahdi (1422 AH), Al-Saadat Mosque, Beirut, Alami [In Persian].
Nouri, Najibullah (2008), "Investigating the psychological bases and symptoms of patience in the Qur'an", Psychology and Religion, Year 1, pp. 143-168) [In Persian].
Qaraiti, Mohsen (1995), Tafsir Noor, Tehran, Cultural Center of Lessons from the Qur'an [In Persian].
Ragheb Esfahani, Hossein bin Mohammad (1992), Al-Mufardat fi Gharib al-Qur'an, Beirut, Dar al-Shamiya [In Persian].
Sadouq, Muhammad bin Ali bin Ba Boyeh (1010), Kitab al-Tawheed, Qom, Islamia [In Persian].
Salari Far. Mohammad Reza and colleagues. 2013. Mental health with an attitude to Islamic sources. Qom: University and District Research Institute [In Persian].
Sheikh Sadouq Muhammad bin Ali bin Baboyeh. (311-381 AH). Book of meanings of news. Tehran: Darul Kitab al-Islamiya [In Persian].
Tarihi, Fakhruddin bin Mohammad Ali (1996), Majma Al-Bahrin, Tehran, Al-Mortazawieh School [In Persian].
The group of authors. "7th book of thinking and lifestyle". 2022. Tehran: Publications of Research and Planning Organization [In Persian].
The Holy Quran [In Persian].
Zubeidi, Morteza (1994), Taj al-Aros fi Sharh al-Qamoos, Beirut, Dar al-Fikr [In Persian].