عنوان مقاله [English]
Investigating the effect of Khana's plan on the progress of Farsi lesson of second grade elementary school boys in Gonbad-e Kavus city
Shokufe Behzadi: MA of Curriculum Planning, Shams Institute of Higher Education, Golestan, Gonbad-e Kavus.
Mahmoud Nikan*: Assistant Professor, Shams Institute of Higher Education, Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Golestan, Gonbad-e Kavus
Introduction: The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of Khana's plan on the progress of the Persian lesson of second grade elementary school boys in Gonbad-e Kavus.
Materials and methods: The present research was carried out using a quasi-experimental method. The statistical population of the present study was all male students of the second grade of elementary schools in Gonbad Kavos. The sample size of the research is 120 people who were selected by simple random method. The data were analyzed using analysis of covariance. The content validity of the tests was confirmed by experts and teachers with a history of approval and the reliability of the test was also confirmed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient method and its value was 0.81 for the pre-test and 0.86 for the post-test, which indicated the acceptable reliability of the questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed by analysis of covariance (ANCOA).
Results and discussion: The obtained results show that after adjusting the effect of the pre-test on the post-test, teaching with the reading plan method had a significant effect on the progress of the students in Farsi. The results obtained with the results of Ranjbari's research (2021) is aligned Ranjbari showed in his research that the reading plan has an effect on the academic progress of elementary school students. Therefore, Khana's plan is more effective than the traditional method and the students who participated in Khana's plan They showed more academic progress. Also, the results with the researches of Ghafari, Davoudi and others (2018) that It showed that educational interventions can improve the academic progress of primary students in Persian. Bandura (1982) and Hartup (1983) believe that children who avoid creating social relationships with others or from their peers They are not accepted, they are ready to suffer from all kinds of behavioral and emotional problems and their academic performance decreases. Therefore, it seems that as long as students have deep and meaningful learning, they can master the subject and increase their academic progress. Readable design creates a pleasant atmosphere in the classroom This feature causes students to participate more willingly in class activities and causes meaningful learning to occur in students. Teaching methods have an effect on students as an external stimulus. Khana plan by creating a suitable space for all students at different levels, makes the academic progress of students becomes In the readable design, students go beyond transcription and can express the feelings, opinions and ideas of the story. Write the read text or message. Khanan project seems very useful and beneficial for Kokan and students in order to strengthen and improve positive relationship with themselves, positive relationship with others and life, as well as increase academic progress. Due to the The results of the research, the teaching method is considered as the most effective factors of students' weakness. The lack of mastery of some teachers and the quality of the grades in the elementary school and the lack of attention to the Persian lesson and the lack of interest of the students in the Persian lesson due to not knowing how to read and write have caused the students' lack of progress in the Persian lesson and subsequently in other subjects. Is. Khana project was formed with the aim of facilitating students' basic and basic learning and it can lead to academic progress, especially in Farsi, by strengthening and promoting the four language skills and life skills in a consolidated, collaborative and school-oriented way. According to the theory of psychoanalysts such as "Sigmon Freud" and "Carl Gustav Jung", the teacher and its teaching method play an important role in learning. Erikson also considers the role of the teacher and the way of teaching as an effective factor in the child's confrontation with conflicts He knows difficulties in a healthy and positive way. From his point of view, the teacher's role is very clear in forming a positive and correct image of the child by providing appropriate activities and games in an educational environment. Students' lack of habit to the methods Khana's design reduces the validity of the results to some extent due to the long-standing habit of traditional teaching methods. Also, lack of familiarity of teachers with Khana plan, because this is a ministerial plan and this year not all schools were included in the implementation of this plan, is considered one of the limitations of this research, and the lack of available and accessible resources regarding Khana plan was another limitation of this research. According to the results obtained and the effect of the implementation of the Khana plan on the progress of students' Farsi lessons, it is suggested that the country's education policy makers pay more attention to the Khana plan and give it to students in the form of a codified and regular program during the academic year. to be presented. Also, due to the lack of specialization of the teachers in the primary period Students' unwillingness to learn Farsi in lower academic courses due to not knowing how to read. It is suggested that there should be an educational consultant for teachers and an academic consultant for students in every school in order to create a creative atmosphere and make them learn more about Farsi and other subjects. It is suggested that elementary teachers contribute to the educational progress of students by using the latest educational methods and updating their information in the field of educational changes and developments, i.e. being integrated, collaborative and based on the environment (centered school) and implementing the plan. to be
Conclusion: The general conclusion of the research showed that by strengthening the readable design method among the students, it can be greatly helped to improve the progress of their Persian lessons in schools.
Keywords: reading plan, academic progress, Persian lessons.