عنوان مقاله [English]
Analyzing the components of resilience using the 6th elementary school book of thinking and research based on high-quality documents of the education system
Amini Tehrani: Bachelor of Secretarial in English language.
Iraj Ali Akbari*: PhD in philosophy of education, Lecturer at Isfahan Islamic Azad University (Khorasgan).
Introduction: The current research was conducted with the purpose of explaining resilience using the teachings of Imam Sajjad (AS). Resilience is a category that has been proposed as a mental or emotional strength that gives a person the ability to deal with crises and enables a person to quickly return to the pre-crisis situation. There are differences between resilience and the Quranic concept of patience and tolerance in the Islamic tradition. It seems that these concepts have a lot in common in their internal components and creating factors.
Materials and methods: This research is one of the library researches that was carried out using the descriptive-analytical method. The scope of the research included texts related to the teachings of Imam Sajjad (AS) using a targeted approach. The data collection tool included questionnaires related to the concept of resilience in the teachings of Imam Sajjad (AS).
Results and discussion: Based on the results of this research, factors that create resilience include positive instillation, maintaining preparation, maintaining good relationships with family, seeing problems and crises as bearable, accepting unchangeable conditions, having realistic goals and moving towards them. and self-confidence, all of which have corresponding meanings in the divine tradition and verses and traditions and have been emphasized on them.
In simple terms, resilience is a positive adaptation in response to adverse conditions (Waller, 2001). Mainly, unfortunate situations are characterized by two groups of risk factors: challenging life situations (such as racism, drug use by parents, etc.) and trauma (for example, experiencing violence in the family or society, death of loved ones, etc.). ..), Resilience is a skill suitable for overcoming life's problems even when there are adverse and difficult conditions, as if one ties an elastic rope around the problems that helps one to pull them back when the going gets bad. And look at them with human eyes (Alizadeh, 2015). Considering that in the upstream documents of the system of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the components (value, identity, rationality, systematicity, decision-making and responsibility) are recommended and also in the sixth book of thinking and research, these components are discussed and in it It has been used to familiarize and train students with these skills, and these items are the main part of the topics of resilience, and in general, it can be said that the sixth book of thinking and research is organized in a way that makes students resilient. For these components, it has not directly used the word resilience, but indirectly by using these six components, it tries to increase resilience in students. In other words, if a student learns these six components correctly and acquires their skills, it can be said that he has gained higher resilience. Resilience is positive adaptation in response to adverse conditions (Waller, 2001, quoted by Alizadeh, 2015). Mainly, unfortunate conditions are characterized by two groups of risk factors; challenging life conditions such as racism, drug use by parents, etc.) and trauma (for example, experiencing violence in the family or society, death of loved ones, etc.). Resilience is a skill that is good for overcoming life's problems even when there are adverse and difficult conditions, like a person tying an elastic rope around the problems that helps the person to pull them back when the going gets bad. Look at human eyes (Alizadeh, 2015).
Today, one of the social harms that affect people's lives is the lack of familiarity with people's ability to know themselves, which is the identity that is considered one of the factors of resilience. By knowing himself and his identity, man can perform the tasks and duties he undertakes correctly. With a sense of responsibility, a person chooses the most correct way and makes a decision in order to better perform his duties, by having order and systematicity in his duties, and with thinking, reasoning, and wisdom, he finds high human values and tries to fulfill his tasks and duties. to do in the best way. By studying the high-hand documents of the education system and the sixth book of thinking and research, it was determined that the components of resilience (intelligence, decision-making, responsibility, identity, systematicity and value) are the main components of resilience that students and people With their efforts, different people tried to learn to acquire these skills properly and correctly so that they can make decisions by choosing the best solution with wisdom and using rationality and responsibility in this system of existence and achieve self-knowledge and recognition of identity. take to their high human values. It is suggested that in the education and training system, especially for the purpose of education and training of all-round human beings, attention should be paid to the cultivation of resilient people so that they have the necessary capacities in facing the problems of life. Also, the Department of Social Harms and Education Consulting Core by preparing pamphlets, holding conferences and workshops on the topic of resilience in the upper hand documents of the education system, the result of this research, in reducing social harms, especially suicide, addiction, poverty, abandonment Education and family problems, take action.
Conclusion: The general conclusion of the research showed that by strengthening resilience through the teachings of Imam Sajjad (AS) among educators, it is possible to help improve their resilience in schools.
Keywords: endurance, teachings of Imam Sajjad (AS), patience.