عنوان مقاله [English]
The effectiveness of emotional release technique (EFT) on the expression anxiety of second secondary students in Bagh-e Malek city
Mortaza Kordi: MA of Department of educational psychology, Payam Noor University, Behbahan branch, official secretary of education.
Introduction: This research was conducted with the aim of the effectiveness of the Emotional Release Technique (EFT) on the expression anxiety of the second secondary students of Bagh-e Malek city in 2021-2022.
Materials and methods: The research method was semi-experimental with a pre-test-post-test design with a control group. The statistical population of the research included all the male students of the second secondary level of Bagh-e Malek city in 6 public schools with a volume of 1261 people, 30 people were selected as a sample by random cluster sampling and based on the cutoff score of the questionnaires. 15 people were randomly replaced in the experimental group and 15 people in the control group. The experimental group was trained in emotion release technique during 6 sessions of 50 minutes. The data were collected and analyzed using SPSS-23 software using the public speaking anxiety questionnaire (PSAS) by Barsolumi and Houlihan (2016).
Results and discussion: The results of multivariate analysis of variance showed that the mean of the cognitive, physiological, and total expression anxiety components in the experimental group decreased compared to the control group, but no significant difference was observed in the behavioral anxiety component between the two groups. Also, the results of covariance analysis showed that the emotion release technique has a significant effect on cognitive anxiety Eta = 0.31, behavioral Eta = 0.23, physiological Eta = 0.23 and expression anxiety Eta = 0.42.
The implementation of the emotional release technique sets the stage for sending activating and deactivating signals to the brain by stimulating points on the skin that have distinct electrical properties, which correspond to acupressure points and are believed in traditional Chinese medicine. It regulates the flow of the body's energies, because when the flow of the body's energy is disturbed, it is a factor for the person's tension and anxiety in the living environment, which in this technique stimulates the person through hitting or other types of touch. to be It is believed that balancing and harmonizing the body's energies in a person with speech anxiety relaxes and optimizes the body, mind, emotions and cognition (Feinstein, 2019). Our emotions and thoughts can affect our brain. Stress, anxiety and depression can put our mind under too much pressure and cause distraction and disinterest in our surroundings. This disrupts daily activities and affects memory and concentration. Identifying and treating emotional triggers, stress, anxiety, and depression with support, counseling, and lifestyle changes can significantly improve the quality of life, memory, psychophysiological coherence, and heart rate, when a person experiences anxiety, not only Fundamental changes occur in a person's mind and brain, but it also leads to social isolation, which can disrupt a person's life (Jasobay, 2021).
Therefore, the use of emotion release technique will help these people because this therapeutic method by hitting and repeating stress-causing and anxiety-provoking factors changes the activity of brain waves in three criteria, increasing the range of sensory motor rhythm on the sensorimotor cortex. , showed a noticeable increase in changes in theta/beta ratio (3-7 Hz / 16-25 Hz) in the occipital region, which indicates mental relaxation and stress reduction, and a significant increase in the arousal of the left frontal lobe compared to the right frontal lobe. creates, therefore, it can provide the basis for reducing anxiety (Swingle et al., 2004). On the other hand, by creating a shock and repeating the acceptance of oneself as you are, it stimulates the students' brain and reduces the amount of cortisol in the brain, which is a factor for the regeneration of the nervous system and the release of unpleasant feelings, from On the other hand, when students with anxiety accept themselves with all their being in stressful situations, they go half way and spend less energy on hiding their problems and defects, which can increase the level of anxiety. reduce in students (Gayser and Karen, 2017). Students suffer from speech anxiety due to various reasons, including lack of public speaking skills, lack of mastery of foreign languages, and inability to control their emotional state when speaking in public, which can affect their efficiency. affect and provide the basis for behavioral and psychological disorders (Pribil et al., 2001). But by using the emotion release technique, these people can be helped to send a message to the amygdala by tapping the end point of a certain meridian with their finger, and the timing of tapping and the expression of anxiety-causing factors in the brain is controlled by the amygdala. A person may experience a feeling of relaxation after a complete period of emotion release technique. Therefore, the act of restoring the mind and body stimulates the meridians of our body, which leads to a direct flow of energy in the body. As a result, the person feels relaxed (Von, 2010). Therefore, considering the source of behavioral anxiety, acupuncture points are stimulated by tapping. The amygdala reduces the stimulus and sends inactivating signals, the hippocampus reduces its activity to intervene before the stimulus triggers the stress response and the neural pathways that permanently alter the corresponding stress response. This decrease in activity in the amygdala and hippocampus provides the basis for reducing anxiety and fear of speaking (Rancor, 2017). Therefore, it can be said that the emotion release technique is a suitable method to reduce behavioral anxiety in students. Therefore, in general, it can be said that the emotion release technique has a significant effect on students' expression anxiety, and this method can be used to help students.
Conclusion: The The general conclusion of the research shows that paying attention to the training of emotion release technique for students with expressive anxiety is one of the necessities of the research and it is recommended to hold courses in this field in educational centers.
Keywords: Emotional release technique (EFT), expression anxiety.