عنوان مقاله [English]
The impact of quantum leadership and foresight of the country's educational system on the academic performance of elementary school students in Boushehr city
Mohammad Mousari Khorshidi: Ph.D. Department of Educational Management, Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran.
Introduction: The current research was conducted with the aim of the impact of quantum leadership and foresight of the country's educational system on the academic performance of elementary school students in Bushehr city.
Materials and methods: The statistical population of the current study was 220 elementary school teachers in Bushehr city in the academic year 1402-1401, of which 140 were selected according to Morgan's table and using available sampling method. The data collection tools included Azimi and Rozavi's Quantum Management Skills Questionnaire (2013), Future Leadership Questionnaire by Kanger and Kanango (1988), Pham and Taylor's Academic Performance Questionnaire (1999) and Rahmani's Student Learning Quality Assessment Questionnaire (2016). It was provided electronically to the subjects and data analysis was done using Spearman's correlation test and regression analysis in SPSS software.
Results and discussion: The results showed that according to the Spearman correlation test, the correlation between quantum leadership and foresight with academic performance was 0.998 and 0.932, respectively, and also the correlation between quantum leadership and foresight with the students' learning level. It was equal to 0.869 and 0.729 respectively. The results of the regression test showed that about 88.3 and 97% of the changes in the academic performance variable were explained by the changes in the quantum leadership variable, respectively. But in connection with the discussion of students' learning, it was found that about 29.6 and 38.6 percent of the changes were explained by quantum leadership and foresight, respectively. Finally, all research hypotheses were confirmed and the relationship between variables was positive and significant.
Almost all education specialists believe that the current time and the current era is the era of management and leadership. Because they believe that the success of educational institutions and organizations depends on the efficiency and effectiveness of its managers. We all know that today's education is completely different from the past and requires its own special and appropriate behavior. Today's school cannot be compared with the last half century or even the last decade. The social functions of the society and the information institutions and the existence of its amazing tools and the abundant access of the students to the communication facilities that can be useful in the right place, schools and education are pushing us in the direction that if the system Our education should not grow and excel along with it. The distance between administrators and teachers and students is increasing day by day and its angle is also increasing drastically. It is not possible to claim the management and educational leadership of schools but not take steps to reduce the distance between teacher and student.
It is impossible not to pay attention to the scientific information of managers and their individual skills in the field of using new technologies, but it is expected that they will be effective in school management and work with high efficiency. In many jobs, trial and error for learning and experience may not be associated with risks, but in education and school management, every trial and error is accompanied by great and irreparable losses. Here we refer to the discussion of quantum leadership and foresight based on school and education centers. The impact of the quantum approach, in addition to areas such as computers, internet, nuclear energy, etc., on human sciences, especially in the field of management science and organization theories, specifically in the areas of organizational behavior and human resources, and specifically in the field of leadership as The public and organizational leadership in particular have been wonderful and seriously effective. Many leaders have known that stability in organizations is an old and outdated idea and that controlling and predicting something is futile. Still, to a large extent, management practices are not immune from these changing assumptions about reality. This research has defined seven quantum skills, skills that are rooted in the new scientific perspective, which has introduced the world as a complex, living and highly connected system, instead of a mechanical and clock-like system. These skills provide 21st century leaders with a set of brain skills for managing people and conflict. The quantum leadership model for leadership in the complex, ambiguous and imprecise organizations of today has special capabilities and features; This leadership cultivates the leadership talent of their followers and shares the leadership. According to the conducted studies and the research literature, the major difference of quantum leadership can be stated as such that in no theory has such emphasis been placed on the accuracy and microvision of the manager; That is, this theory states that you should monitor the organization at the quantum (particle) level as well. In general, there are many and different definitions of management in education, but the most complete one is the definition that considers management based on leadership. Today, our schools do not need a principal, but an educational leader. The characteristics that lie in the leadership of the educational unit are rare and perhaps one can say that they are unique. The leadership functions of the educational unit are very positive and active. The level of acceptability of this method based on experiences and facts is much more than other functions and roles that have been defined for the manager.
Conclusion: The general conclusion of the research showed that by strengthening the teaching of positive thinking skills among teachers, it is possible to improve their job satisfaction in schools.
Keywords: quantum leadership, foresight, educational system, academic performance.